Definition Expedition Students in grades learn three ways to define a term in technical writing, search the Web for scientific text, then copy and paste sections into a Word document. Finally, they use the highlighter feature of Word to highlight examples of definitions within the text. Write a Number Story Make writing across content areas fun with this K-3 computer activity. Students use AppleWorks or Office to write and illustrate number stories.
Non-pure abjads such as Hebrew and Arabic script and abugidas use diacritics for denoting vowels. Hebrew and Arabic also indicate consonant doubling and change with diacritics; Hebrew and Devanagari use them for foreign sounds.
Devanagari and related abugidas also use a diacritical mark called a virama to mark the absence of a vowel. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics use several types of diacritics, including the diacritics with alphabetic properties known as Medials and Finals.
Although long vowels originally were indicated with a negative line through the Syllabic glyphs, making the glyph appear broken, in the modern forms, a dot above is used to indicate vowel length.
In some of the styles, a ring above indicates a long vowel with a [j] off-glide. Medials such as the "w-dot" placed next to the Syllabics glyph indicates a [w] being placed between the syllable onset consonant and the nucleus vowel.
Finals indicate the syllable coda consonant; some of the syllable coda consonants in word medial positions, such as with the "h-tick", indicate the fortification of the consonant in the syllable following it.
Emoticons are commonly created with diacritic symbols, especially Japanese emoticons on popular imageboards. Alphabetization or collation[ edit ] Main article: Collation Different languages use different rules to put diacritic characters in alphabetical order.
French treats letters with diacritical marks the same as the underlying letter for purposes of ordering and dictionaries. Languages that treat accented letters as variants of the underlying letter usually alphabetize words with such symbols immediately after similar unmarked words.
For instance, in German where two words differ only by an umlaut, the word without it is sorted first in German dictionaries e. However, when names are concerned e. For a comprehensive list of the collating orders in various languages, see Collating sequence. Generation with computers[ edit ] Modern computer technology was developed mostly in English-speaking countries, so data formats, keyboard layouts, etc.
This has led some to theorize that the marks and accents may be made obsolete to facilitate the worldwide exchange of data. Depending on the keyboard layoutwhich differs amongst countries, it is more or less easy to enter letters with diacritics on computers and typewriters.
Some have their own keys; some are created by first pressing the key with the diacritic mark followed by the letter to place it on.
Such a key is sometimes referred to as a dead keyas it produces no output of its own but modifies the output of the key pressed after it. On Apple Macintosh computers, there are keyboard shortcuts for the most common diacritics; Option-e followed by a vowel places an acute accent, Option-u followed by a vowel gives an umlaut, option-c gives a cedilla, etc.
Diacritics can be composed in most X Window System keyboard layouts, as well as other operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows, using additional software.
On computers, the availability of code pages determines whether one can use certain diacritics. Unicode solves this problem by assigning every known character its own code; if this code is known, most modern computer systems provide a method to input it.
With Unicode, it is also possible to combine diacritical marks with most characters.
The and reports of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) writing as ses sment (National Center for Education Statistics, ), administered to 8th and 12th graders, show an increase in writing scores. Praise for Alpha Beta "This book comes at the perfect moment as we rediscover the importance in early reading of cracking the alphabetic code. The story of how that code came into being is a fascinating one, and Man is the ideal writer to tell it.". Harry Potter Inspires: Character Sketch for a New Wizard In this writing and literature lesson for grades , students create a new character that would fit into the wizard world.
Languages with letters containing diacritics[ edit ] The following languages have letters that contain diacritics that are considered independent letters distinct from those without diacritics.
Baltic Latvian has the following letters: With the elimination of these accents, the new orthography relies on the reader having prior knowledge of pronunciation of a given word. Irish uses only acute accents to mark long vowels, following the spelling reform. Breton does not have a single orthography spelling systembut uses diacritics for a number of purposes.Phoenician Alphabet, Mother of Modern Writing.
Because they needed an efficient method of keeping records, they invented an alphabet from which every alphabet of the world has descended. Along with an alphabet came the equipment for using it: pen, ink and, of course, papyrus, parchment and finally paper.
Updated world stock indexes. Get an overview of major world indexes, current values and stock market data. A fun, lively, and learned excursion into the alphabet—and cultural history. Letters are tangible language.
Joining together in endless combinations to actually show speech, letters convey our . Bookworm is really hungry and has to eat some letters! Listen to the words and choose the right letters for the bookworm.
In my language (Romanian) there are 31 letters and it uses 26 letters of the latin alphabet. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.