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The king was campaigning in France at the time but was undoubtedly thrilled to hear that he now had an heir. Henry V, who had been sick for several months, died on August 31,leaving the throne of England to his nine-month-old son, Henry VI. At less than a year old, Henry was now king both England and France.
In his will, which most historians will say he should have done a better job of wording, Henry V left the general guardianship of his son to his youngest brother Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, and the upbringing of the child to his uncle, Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter.
Gloucester assumed that Henry V had given him the position of regent of England, which would have given him near sovereign power. The situation began a bitter rivalry between Gloucester and Bishop Beaufort that would last, intermittently, for the remainder of their lives.
The main domestic issue during the opening years of the reign, however, continued to be the increasingly heated rivalry between Gloucester and Bishop Beaufort, both of whom were fighting over who would wield the most influence over the young king. As power swayed back and forth between the two men, tensions became so high that armed conflict was just barely avoided.
To prevent the conflict from reaching its boiling point, Bedford was recalled from Franc and was able to moderate the situation between his brother and uncle, bringing peace, at least temporarily, between the two men.
As he moved closer to coming of age, Henry was put into the custody of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, who would act as his tutor. In latestill only eight years old, Henry was crowned King of England at Westminster.
Meanwhile, the conquest of France which Henry V had begun continued to go well with Bedford now in command. The duke won a major victory over the French at the Battle of Verneuil and was able to take Le Mans, the capital of the county of Maine, the following year.
Inthe Duke of Brittany also switched over his allegiance to the English. The siege began horribly when, just days into it, the English commander, the Earl of Salisbury, was fatally wounded by a cannon shot. In addition, the English had alienated their greatest ally, the Duke of Burgundy, who was supposed to be responsible for the city during the captivity of its duke in English custody since Agincourt in The siege of Orleans went on for months and was finally lifted in the spring of when Joan of Arc a young girl who claimed to be guided by God to drive the English out of France appeared on the scene.
Not only did she chase the English away from Orleans, but she proceeded to win a string of battles against her enemy as part of the Loire valley campaign, taking back a significant amount of territory within the Ile-de-France.
In the wake of these recent, and quite devastating, setbacks, Bedford felt that it would be a wise idea to have his nephew the king brought over to France to be crowned at Paris in an attempt to created a sense of unity between the English king and his French subjects.
As the king was brought over to France and spent time in other parts of the kingdom, the English experienced a stroke of good luck when Joan of Arc was captured by John of Luxemburg, an English ally, and was burnt at the stake as a witch the following year.
The situation in France continued to gradually decline and civil disputes continue to pile up at home in England. Continuing the conquest of France was most certainly out of the question, due to the tight budget of the royal exchequer caused by the immense cost of defense for the French lands, and Bedford needed to concentrate on protecting the lands that had already been conquered.
To make matters even worse, Gloucester and his uncle Beaufort, now a cardinal, were once again butting heads and were only prevented from further damaging the already fragile political situation by the moderating influence of Bedford.
The idea of peace with Franc was a complex one because Charles VII would not even think of signing his name on a treaty that did not stipulate that Henry was to drop his claim to the French throne.
Bedford returned to Normandy to defend the English-held duchy, but died there in Septemberdepriving Henry of his most loyal and competent supporter. The major issue of the years following these events continued to be the situation in France.
Henry had taken personal control of his government in late despite still being only sixteen years of age and began to make more decisions on his own.
With Charles VII gradually gaining back English-held lands in France and the status of Normandy, Gascony and other English territories in jeopardy, it became clear that the English were now on the defensive and the French on the offensive.
Therefore, the subject of peace was, once again, brought up. As a gesture of good faith, Henry released the Duke of Orleans from prison after confinement of twenty-five years so that he may bring the two sides to a reasonable agreement.
But Charles was still in no mood to discuss any kind of truce without Henry completely dropping his claim to the French throne, which the English king still did not wish to do. Meanwhile, the situation in Normandy and Gascony was growing increasingly hostile.
In order to form a much needed continental alliance against the French, a marriage was proposed between Henry and a daughter of the Count of Armagnac, a mortal enemy of Charles VII. When Charles found out about the proposed match, he responded with an invasion of Gascony and imprisoned the count.
Luckily for the English, the harsh winter prevented Charles from doing any widespread damage. Normandy and Gascony, however, continued to be under threat from the French and Henry responded by making the decision to launch a full-scale campaign to the continent.
The campaign was a complete and expensive disaster. Somerset achieved practically nothing and returned home in disgrace, only to die the following year. In addition, Somerset had gained the enmity of the Duke of York, who was none too happy that his authority as lieutenant in France was being stepped on and his wages were not being paid, all due to a pointless and futile military operation which had no real chance of success.
The situation began a feud between the houses of York and Beaufort that, within ten years, would boil over and plunge England into civil war. Charles VII expected to receive large concessions of land from the English, but this did not happen at this particular time.
Henry and Margaret were betrothed, by proxy, with Suffolk standing in for the king, and a truce of just under two years was agreed to between the two sides through the Treaty of Tours.
Margaret was then taken over to England where she and Henry were officially married. The duke then died as a result of the shock he received upon his arrest.Henry VII. Henry VII () was king of England from to He was a successful usurper, the founder of the Tudor dynasty, and an accomplished practitioner of Renaissance diplomacy..
Born on Jan. 28, , at Pembroke, Wales, Henry VII was the only son of Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort. Essay Writing Guide. Learn the art of brilliant essay writing with help from our teachers.
Why was Henry VI deposed in and not earlier?
Extracts from this document Introduction. Why was Henry VI deposed in and not earlier? There is no doubting Henry VI was an unstable and unsuitable king.
The Wars of the Roses was a dreadfully brutal, prolonged, civil conflict in England among the descendants of two houses namely the Yorks and the Lancasters; with each claiming to be the rightful heir to the throne. Perkin Warbeck Essay. Explain why Perkin Warbeck remained a threat to the security of Henry VII for so many years.
Why was Henry VI deposed in and not earlier? Divine Right of Kings implied ; Richard and the Battle of Bosworth ; your testimonials. Old Capitol Trail, Suite , Wilminton, DE , USA. Why was Henry VI deposed in and not earlier?
There is no doubting Henry VI was an unstable and unsuitable king. He lacked all the traits usually associated with a . King Henry IV of England Share Flipboard Email Henry also took part in a notable conspiracy against Richard's closest associates earlier in his reign.
Places of Residence and Influence: in building their own power bases than in helping the crown. In January of , when Richard was still alive, Henry quashed a conspiracy of the deposed.