Sometimes people use induction as a substitute for deduction and erroneously make false and inaccurate statements.
Working towards my dissertation one letter at a time. Saturday, October 4, Social Science Research: Deduction versus Induction Many social science research texts and professors talk about hypothesis testing as a deductive process. The author explains that in a top-down, deductive research process, "we might begin with thinking up a theory about our topic of interest.
We then narrow that down into more specific hypotheses that we can test. We narrow down even further when we collect observations to address the hypotheses. This ultimately leads us to be able to test the hypotheses with specific data -- a confirmation or not of our original theories.
Yet, when one looks up the definition of deductive reasoning, one gets something like this: In fact, the process described is mostly an inductive one.
The only thing deductive about the process is "thinking up a theory about our topic of interest. It is no wonder I have been confused about this for so long--bad teaching. The scientific method, whether it be pure or social sciences, relies primarily on induction.
Don't let someone confuse you by telling you that quantitative research is deductive and qualitative research is inductive. They both utilize inductive reasoning because they rely on data to make conclusions.
So where does deductive reasoning occur? In disciplines that come up with principles without the need to refer to data, for instance, mathematics or theology.
It is, as mentioned above, when we just "think up a theory" or when we use abstract reasoning to come up with general principles. An older Wikipedia entry on Deductive Reasoning found in Answers.
Many incorrectly teach that deductive reasoning goes from general information to specific information and that inductive reasoning travels in the opposite direction.
This is not accurate [emphasis added]. Deductive reasoning applies general principles to reach specific conclusions, whereas inductive reasoning examines specific information, perhaps many pieces of specific information, to derive a general principle. By thinking about phenomena such as how apples fall and how the planets move, Isaac Newton induced his theory of gravity.
In the 19th century, Adams and LeVerrier applied Newton's theory general principle to deduce the existence, mass, position, and orbit of Neptune specific conclusions from perturbations in the observed orbit of Uranus specific data.
This does not mean that it should not use deduction: The fundamental distinction between [deductive and inductive methods] is that from the point of view of the deductive method the final test of a new truth is its logical agreement with a truth already established, whereas from the inductive point of view the final test of a new truth is its validity in theoretic application to empirical facts.
It is obvious that a science dealing with empirical reality could not be deductive, for it would either be incapable of proving anything or else be inapplicable to its object-matter [emphasis added]"pp.
I rest my case.USE OF INDUCTION AND DEDUCTION IN RESEARCH IN SOCIAL SCIENCES: AN ILLUSTRATION* Victor S. D'Souza** THE END ofthe 17th century and the beginning ofthe 18th witnessed. Induction vs Deduction In logic theory, Induction and deduction are prominent methods of reasoning.
Sometimes people use induction as a substitute for deduction and . COMPARING INDUCTIVE AND DEDUCTIVE METHODOLOGIES FOR DESIGN PATTERNS IDENTIFICATION AND ARTICULATION Nicole Schadewitz and Timothy Jachna School of Design, Core A, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong, However, there is a lack of research into design patterns that differentiate the applicability of the.
Science Use Both Induction and Deduction. These two styles of reason should be seen as complementary, with inductive reasoning generating support for a theory, and deduction validating or falsifying the internal logic of that theory.
This, in turn, leads to inductive . Section Inductive and Deductive Reasoning 77 Making and Testing a Conjecture Numbers such as 3, 4, and 5 are called consecutive lausannecongress2018.com and test a conjecture about the sum of any three consecutive integers.
Gomal University Journal of Research [GUJR] Vol 31 Issue 1 JUNE ISSN: COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INDUCTIVE & DEDUCTIVE METHODS OF TEACHING MATHEMATICS AT ELEMENTARY LEVEL By Dr. Malik Amer Atta1, Dr.
Muhammad Ayaz2, Qayyum Nawaz1 1Institute of Education and research, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan 1Institute of Education and research.