The conference follows the previous international scientific conference which took place on the University campus of the Transport Faculty of Engineering, University of Pardubice.
The former gothic likeness can be distinguished only in the two-palace core of the castle, resembling similar architecture applied in the 14th century at Helfenberk and Menstein.
The turbulent times following the Hussite warsrife with internal conflicts between alliances of the aristocrats fighting for power in the Kingdom of Bohemia, one of the strongest being the Utraquist party of Jiri of Podebrady, called for essential measures to safeguard this important castle.
This was interrupted in the mid sixties of the 15th century by a war caused by the Papal Court instigating the resistance of the local catholic nobility and then asking Matthias Corvinusthe King of Hungaryto intervene.
This was the historical background to swift reconstruction of the castle and its fortifications. The atmosphere of the times and the prevalent bourgeois-aristocratic environment influenced the character of the architecture in the general concept of which the dying tradition of the 14th century can still be traced.
This tradition was in conception and architecture practically outdated by The external system of fortifications, mostly still preserved, surprisingly shows the partial use of artillery when defending the castle.
This was due, on the one hand, to the favourable layout of the terrain which reduced the need for elaborate fortifications and cannon bastions to a minimum and, on the other hand, it can be attributed to the generally rather obsolete concept.
The access road to Litice Castle was interrupted at its most vulnerable point by a wall and a deep moat crossed by a drawbridge. The entrance to the castle was through a tower gate built in one piece with the adjacent guardhouse.
The front of the gate holds a significant place in Czech creative art. It is one of the few remaining specimens of the stonemason's art of the s and, what is more, it is linked with the King Jin of Podebrady himself.
The work as such and the setting of the reliefs show the low artistic standard of the sculptor who belonged to the town's stone - masons' workshops.
The relief over the small gate for pedestrians carries a helmet set with a jewel and four coats-of-arms-those of Bohemia, MoraviaUpper Lusatia and Podebrady - and an inscription: The figural reliefs on the left side of the gate represent Jiri of Podebrady with a ribbon across his chest, a human mask in the bottom part and in a niche above the king a figure of a builder carrying a hammer.
The gate itself was protected by a rectangular bastion, the broken line of corner fortifications and, together with another circular bastion beneath the inner castle, they served chiefly for the use of the artillery as it is testified by the still existing embrasures, typical of the Podebrady-type structures.
Preserved to the present time is the southern wing of the castle with its slim, square tower. The halls of the palace, which can be approached from the courtyard over the drawbridge which takes you to the first floor, were illuminated by tall windows with window seats.
The residential rooms on the second floor had windows facing the outside of the castle as well. The most notable architecture at Litice is the tower. Its higher artistic value is evident from the remarkable portals giving access from the palace and the vaulting at the different floor levels.
The importance of the castle started to decline and, because subsequent owners did not pay due attention to its upkeep either, it slowly fell into ruin. From Litice was owned by the lords of Buben z Bubna. The 19th century witnessed the rapid disintegration of some of the castle structures.
Repair work in the years to and then in the twenties and thirties of the 20th century stabilized the southern palace and the tower which then received its present gallery and roofing.Jul 16, · Pardubice Castle is a showcase for the work of many talented individuals - architects, designers, sculptors, painters, engineers and military planners.
This impressive late Gothic and early Renaissance residence, originally built for the powerful Pernstejn dynasty, is an oasis of calm in the very heart ov Pardubice´s city centre/5(47).
Pardubice annual steeplechase, Eastern Bohemia, Czech Republic and the National Stud, Kladruby, near Pardubice, East Bohemia Czech Republic Later I discovered a little more about the history of the Velká Pardubická, which is known as the toughest steeplechase in continental Europe. It was largely a holiday Palace for visiting.
Today the Palace is owned by the Pardubice region and here is located East Bohemian Museum, East Bohemian Gallery and the brach of the National Heritage Institute.
Since palace and fortification inscribed on the list of the national cultural monuments in the Czech Republic. The residential rooms on the second floor had windows facing the outside of the castle as well. The most notable architecture at Litice is the tower.
Its higher artistic value is evident from the remarkable portals giving access from the palace and the vaulting at the different floor levels. The history of the feudal residence on the site of the current Pardubice castle goes back to the end of the 13th century.
It underwent numerous reconstructions. The most significant took place at the end of the 15th century and beginning of the 16th century under the rule of the lords of Pernštejn. The original castle was transformed into a palace.
History of Transport Postal Services and e-Communications – held as a part of the IPoCC conference All accepted papers will be reviewed (except for papers sent to the History of Transport section) and proceedings of the reviewed conference papers will be sent to Clarivate Analytics for inclusion in the Web of Science database.