Although biofuels exist in solid, liquid and gaseous form, but it usually refers to the liquid biofuels designed for usage as fuel for vehicles.
The biofuel policy encouraged the use of renewable energy resources as alternate fuels to supplement transport fuels petrol and diesel for vehicles and proposed a target of 20 percent biofuel blending both biodiesel and bioethanol by The government launched the National Biodiesel Mission NBM identifying Jatropha curcas as the most suitable tree-borne oilseed for biodiesel production.
The Planning Commission of India had set an ambitious target covering The central government and several state governments are providing fiscal incentives for supporting plantations of Jatropha and other non-edible oilseeds.
Several public institutions, state biofuel boards, state agricultural universities and cooperative sectors are also supporting the biofuel mission in different capacities.
State of the Affairs The biodiesel industry in India is still in infancy despite the fact that demand for diesel is five times higher than that for petrol.
Currently, Jatropha occupies only around 0. Several corporations, petroleum companies and private companies have entered into a memorandum of understanding with state governments to establish and promote Jatropha plantations on government-owned wastelands or contract farming with small and medium farmers.
However, only a few states have been able to actively promote Jatropha plantations despite government incentives. In addition, smaller land holdings, ownership issues with government or community-owned wastelands, lackluster progress by state governments and negligible commercial production of biodiesel have hampered the efforts and investments made by both private and public sector companies.
Another major obstacle in implementing the biodiesel programme has been the difficulty in initiating large-scale cultivation of Jatropha. The Jatropha production program was started without any planned varietal improvement program, and use of low-yielding cultivars made things difficult for smallholders.
The higher gestation period of biodiesel crops 3—5 years for Jatropha and 6—8 years for Pongamia results in a longer payback period and creates additional problems for farmers where state support is not readily available. The Jatropha seed distribution channels are currently underdeveloped as sufficient numbers of processing industries are not operating.
There are no specific markets for Jatropha seed supply and hence the middlemen play a major role in taking the seeds to the processing centres and this inflates the marketing margin. Biodiesel distribution channels are virtually non-existent as most of the biofuel produced is used either by the producing companies for self-use or by certain transport companies on a trial basis.
Further, the cost of biodiesel depends substantially on the cost of seeds and the economy of scale at which the processing plant is operating. The lack of assured supplies of feedstock supply has hampered efforts by the private sector to set up biodiesel plants in India.
In the absence of seed collection and oil extraction infrastructure, it becomes difficult to persuade entrepreneurs to install trans-esterification plants.Fossils fuels will be end in near future. But in case of biofuels it is quite easy for extraction and can be purified easily.
Reduce foreign fuels demands. Behera S, et al. Scope of algae as third generation biofuels. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. ; The Government of India approved the National Policy on Biofuels in December The biofuel policy encouraged the use of renewable energy resources as alternate fuels to supplement transport fuels (petrol and diesel for vehicles) and proposed a target of 20 percent biofuel blending (both biodiesel and bioethanol) by Since the operation of the first Biodiesel processing Plant in Hyderabad, Biodiesel Technologies has built a strong reputation as a leading pioneer in the manufacturing, fabricating and assembling Biodiesel Processing Plants.
Focuses on the key Sodium Methoxide Solution Biodiesel Catalyst manufacturers, to study the capacity, production, value, market share and development plans in future. Focuses on the global key manufacturers, to define, describe and analyze the market competition landscape, SWOT analysis.
Biofuels, and Livestock and Poultry Feeding Summary By Robert Wisner, David Anderson, Ronald Plain, and The Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics (C-FARE) June Future Patterns of U.S.
Grains, Biofuels, and Livestock and Poultry Feeding Summary It is beyond the scope of this report to evaluate the costs and benefits.
BIOFUELS INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES: CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES by Frank Rusco* Biodiesel production also takes place near feedstocks and the product is typically shipped by rail to where the product is blended with conventional diesel and distributed.
The challenges associated with building the.