Harvard Square Library Linus Pauling Linus Carl Pauling February 28, August 19,a distinguished American chemist, helped to integrate chemistry with quantum theory and founded the discipline now called molecular biology. From on much of his time was devoted to antiwar activities and stopping the atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons. He is the only person to win two unshared Nobel Prizes, one for chemistry and one for peace. His father was very supportive, but died when Linus was nine.
His family came from a line of Prussian farmers, and his father worked as a pharmaceuticals salesman, among other things. Linus and Ava Helen Pauling had four children together.
The development of quantum mechanics during the s had a great impact not only on the field of physics, but also on chemistry. During the s Linus Pauling was among the pioneers who used quantum mechanics to understand and describe chemical bonding - that is, the way atoms join together to form molecules.
Linus Pauling worked in a broad range of areas within chemistry.
For example, he worked on the structures of biologically important chemical compounds. In he published the structure of the alpha helix, which is an important basic component of many proteins.
Together with other scientists he spoke and wrote against the nuclear arms race, and he was a driving force in the Pugwash movement. It sought to reduce the role of nuclear arms in international politics and was awarded the Peace Prize in He was one of the prime movers who urged the nuclear powers the USA, the Soviet Union and Great Britain to conclude a nuclear test ban treaty, which entered into force on 10 October On the same day, the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced that Linus Pauling had been awarded the Peace Prize that had been held over from One person, Linus Pauling, has been awarded two undivided Nobel Prizes.
In he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Eight years later he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his opposition to weapons of mass destruction. To cite this section.INUS CARL PAULING was born in Portland, Oregon, on February 28, , and died at his ranch at Big Sur, California, on August 19, In he married Ava Helen Miller (died ), who bore him four children: Linus Carl, Peter Jeffress, Linda Helen (Kamb), and Edward Crellin.
Pauling is widely considered the greatest chemist of this century. Linus Pauling, in full Linus Carl Pauling, (born February 28, , Portland, Oregon, U.S.—died August 19, , Big Sur, California), American theoretical physical chemist who became the only person to have won two unshared Nobel Prizes.
Linus Carl Pauling, an American chemist, peace activist, author and educator was of the greatest and most prominent chemists to have ever lived in the 20th Century.
He was the first of a few scientists who made significant contributions to quantum chemistry and molecular biology. Linus Carl Pauling was born in Portland, Oregon, on February 28, His father, Herman, was a pharmacist, and his mother, Lucy, was the daughter of a pharmacist.
Shortly after Pauling’s birth, his family moved to the nearby farming town of Condon, and Pauling attended the local lausannecongress2018.com: Feb 28, Linus Carl Pauling was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, and educator.
Linus Pauling Biographical L inus Carl Pauling was born in Portland, Oregon, on 28th February, , the son of a druggist, Herman Henry William Pauling, who, though born in Missouri, was of German descent, and his wife, Lucy Isabelle Darling, born in Oregon of English-Scottish ancestry.